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|Traditional costumes from the Peru-Bolivian Andes|
I dedicate this page in celebration of the cultural legacy of those Indios Del Sol who have largely contributed and still contribute in making this part of South America a World famous, unique and fascinating destination to explore. They are the descendants of those civilizations which spread across the highlands of South America during a vast period of few thousand years. The most famous of which are the Incas because of the legacy they left behind in treasures and building achievements as well as being the last great civilization to master the Andean world from today's Ecuador to Argentina before the European pillage occurred in 1524.
|Native ladies in parade costumes wear a bowler hat - called a bombin - . It has been worn by Quechua and Aymara women in Peru and Bolivia since the 1920s when it was introduced to Bolivia by British railway workers.|
The origins and sense of patrimonial identity of this dance is a matter of dispute between authorities and historians of Peru, Bolivia and Chile. While Peruvian and Chilean authorities claim that the dance is proper of tripartite regional identity, Bolivia's former Culture Minister Pablo Groux claims that the dance should solely be considered Bolivian. There is a style of dance proper of Ecuador named Diablada pillareña. (taken from Wikipedia)
|Learning early to carry on traditions, Lima|
|The elegant sway of Andean ladies during a parade|
|A Diablada character|
|Diablada masks strangely resemble those of Bhutan|
|Peru has a largely mixed population of Andean Indian Origin|
Literally dozens of indigenous cultures are also dispersed throughout the country beyond the Andes Mountains in the Amazon basin.
|Quechua women in traditional clothes, Cuzco|
|Street Vendor in Cuzco|
Most Peruvian/Bolivian mestizos are of Amerindian and European descent, but other ethnic backgrounds (such as Asian, Middle Eastern and African) are also present, in varying degrees, in some segments of the mestizo population.
|Quechua man in Pissac, Peru|
|Quechua girls in Cuzco|
|Spinning threads, Pissac, Peru|
|San Blas market, Cuzco, Peru|
|Girl in traditional Quechua clothes, Cuzco, Peru.|
The traditional dress worn by Quechua women today is a mixture of styles from Pre-Spanish days and Spanish Colonial peasant dress. Younger Quechua men generally wear Western-style clothing, the most popular being synthetic football shirts and tracksuit pants. In certain regions, women also generally wear Western-style clothing. Older men still wear dark wool knee-length handwoven bayeta pants. A woven belt called a chumpi is also worn which provides protection to the lower back when working in the fields. Men's fine dress includes a woollen waistcoat, similar to a sleeveless juyuna as worn by the women but referred to as a chaleco. Chalecos can be richly decorated.
The most distinctive part of men's clothing is the handwoven poncho. Nearly every Quechua man and boy has a poncho, generally red in colour decorated with intricate designs. Each district has a distinctive pattern. In some communities such as Huilloc, Patacancha, and many villages in the Lares Valley ponchos are worn as daily attire. However most men use their ponchos on special occasions such as festivals, village meetings, weddings etc.
As with the women, ajotas, sandals made from recycled tyres, are the standard footwear. They are cheap and durable.
A ch'ullu is frequently worn. This is a knitted hat with earflaps. The first ch'ullu that a child receives is traditionally knitted by his father. In the Ausangate region chullos are often ornately adorned with white beads and large tassels called t'ikas. Men sometimes wear a felt hat called a sombrero over the top of the ch'ullu decorated with centillo, finely decorated hat bands. Since ancient times men have worn small woven pouches called ch'uspa used to carry their coca leaves.
|Quechua lady in Cuzco market|
|Selling produce in Cuzco, Peru|
|Raqchi Wiraqocha fashion, Raqchi Peru. A large variety of clothing styles exist across Peruvian and Bolivian indigenous communities.|
|Sweet smile of a Raqchi lady, Raqchi Peru|
|Young boy wearing a traditional hat called a Chullo and poncho with his llama at La Raya, Peruvian Altiplano|
|Uros family on Lake Titicaca, Puno|
|Uro girl portrait, Lake Titicaca, Peru|
|She loved the Galletas I gave her :)|
|Aymara lady in La Paz, Bolivia|
The Aymara have grown and chewed coca plants for centuries, using its leaves in traditional medicine as well as in ritual offerings to the father god Inti (Sun) and the mother goddess Pachamama (Earth). During the last century, there has been conflict with state authorities over this plant during drug wars; the officials have carried out coca eradication to prevent the extraction and isolation of the drug cocaine. But, the ritual use of coca has a central role in the indigenous religions of both the Aymara and the Quechua. Coca is used in the ritual curing ceremonies of the yatiri. Since the late 20th century, its ritual use has become a symbol of cultural identity.
|Coca leaves are used by indigenous people across the Andes from Colombia to Chile|
|Flower lady in Bolivar market, Lima|
|A very inquisitive youngster, Bolivar market, Lima|
|Reconnecting with the past, Lima|
|Thumbs up ! Morenada performer, Lima|
|Making picarones, a sort of beignet or fritter, in Lima. .|
Picarones is a Peruvian dessert originated in the colonial period. Its principal ingredients are squash and sweet potato. It is served in a doughnut form and covered with syrup, made from chancaca (solidified molasses). It is traditional to serve picarones when people prepare anticuchos, another traditional Peruvian dish. Picarones were created during the colonial period to replace Buñuelos as buñuelos were too expensive to make. People started replacing traditional ingredients with squash and sweet potato. Accidentally, they created a new dessert that rapidly increased in popularity throughout the country.